Incontinence refers to loss of urinary control or bowel control. Adult incontinence is a common health issue and effects many people of all ages in every nation. It is important to understand that incontinence is often a manageable and treatable condition.

Urinary incontinence is the most common form of incontinence. This is a medical condition where someone loses the ability to control their bladder. Loss of bladder control causes a person to urinate on themselves before they are able to use the toilet in time. Many find urinary incontinence to be difficult to deal with and rightfully so.  Because of the embarrassment they usually won’t report this medical ailment to their doctor who could otherwise help them with the condition.

Urine is temporarily held inside of the bladder until it is time to be released from the body. The urethra tube is situated inside of the pelvis area of the body and it exerts enough pressure that it is able to hold urine inside the bladder. When the pressure inside of the bladder exceeds that of the urethra, then urine will be released from the body. Every time a person sneezes or coughs the stress that is a result of the reaction is released through the urethra and the bladder. This is why a person with urinary incontinence can encounter incontinence issues when they sneeze or cough.

There are certain types of medical conditions that can cause the urethra to weaken and for incontinence to occur. Other causes of incontinence include caffeine and caffeine containing beverages due to the fact they are known to promote activity in the bladder. Many men that experience incontinence often have a large prostrate or they have some form of prostrate cancer. Incontinence also occurs in women during pregnancy and after child birth.

Menopause in females can also lead to incontinence. Disorders such as multiple sclerosis, Parkinson diseases and spinal cord also hinder nerve operation and effect the bladder.

Medical professionals also categorize incontinence according to type. There are six primary types of adult incontinence. The most common is stress incontinence followed by functional incontinence, urge incontinence, blended incontinence, total and overflow incontinence.  Stress incontinence is the most common type that is experienced and it usually results from a weak bladder. Stress incontinence can be triggered by the sneeze or cough as mentioned. Urge incontinence causes people to urinate for no apparent reason before to recognizing the need to use the bathroom. Total incontinence results from someone not able to keep their urine within their body as a result of a weak urethra. Overflow incontinence is the frequent dribbling of urine after a person has previously emptied their bladder. Blended incontinence involves having multiple types of incontinence.

Functional incontinence is common in older people and it results from physical or psychological problems that prevent them from using the rest room in time to urinate. Total incontinence results in men and women not being able to keep their pee within their body due to an particularly weakened urethra.

There are other types of incontinence such as transient incontinence which is a temporary form of this problem that can be triggered by treatment, mental impairment and restricted mobility. Children can also experience a form of incontinence when they urinate in the bed or when they laugh too hard.

Doctors use various methods such as tension test, urinalysis, blood tests and ultrasound to diagnose a person’s incontinence. Cystoscopy is one testing procedure which involves analyzing the urethra and bladder for signs of trouble. Urodynamics are used to determine the pressure in the bladder and a person’s urine flow.

Therapy for incontinence incorporates several options. Some treatment options are as simple as exercising the Pelvic Floor muscles known as Kegel exercises. These work for both men and women.

Some other options may incorporate medication, absorbent pads, shields, incontinence pants, undergarments, protective underwear, briefs and other incontinence supplies.